Articles Tagged with Discovery

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Xarelto MDL Louisiana federal courtAfter more than three years of litigation, and with no settlement agreement in sight, Judge Eldon Fallon has issued a court ruling to move hundreds of cases along in the next several months. Just to recap, the federal court in Louisiana was chosen as the multi-district litigation (MDL) site for plaintiffs filing lawsuits for injuries suffered after taking the blood-thinning drug Xarelto. In 2017 Janssen, Bayer and Johnson & Johnson, manufacturers and sellers of Xarelto, won three “bellwether trials” in this MDL, which you can read about here. Nevertheless, studies and evidence show Xarelto can cause uncontrollable bleeding in patients, and there is no available antidote once the bleeding starts. But with the defense winning three cases last year, the drug companies have (so far) not been willing to agree to a global settlement of the remaining 21,000+ cases. In an effort to wind down the litigation and encourage settlement, Judge Fallon has chosen to move things along:

Case Management Order No. 6

On February 27, 2018, Judge Fallon issued Case Management Order No. 6 (CMO No. 6) in the Xarelto MDL. This Order sets out the procedure for the selection of 1,200 Xarelto cases over the next six months. These cases will enter rigorous individual discovery and will be prepared for trials in the plaintiffs’ home districts. Among other things, the plaintiffs chosen in these 1,200 cases will be responsible for completion of an extensive “Plaintiff Fact Sheet,” which is essentially a comprehensive questionnaire on all salient facts about the Plaintiff, the Plaintiff’s use of Xarelto, the injuries suffered, and other relevant information. The defendants will also have to submit a “Defendant Fact Sheet.”

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Cook IVC Filter LitigationIn every lawsuit the court issues key rulings which will impact the outcome of the case. By “court” I mean the presiding judge. Some court decisions end the lawsuit (e.g., a judge granting a defendant’s summary judgment motion). Some decisions kick a leg of the stool out from under one party (granting a motion to exclude one side’s key expert witness). As I have written about in this blog, a judge has great power and influence over every court case. One decision has the power to make or break the lawsuit.

Recently, in the Cook IVC filter multidistrict litigation, a federal judge has refused to bar discovery involving an allegation that Cook failed to report to the FDA bad results with the Cook IVC filters.

What Is Discovery?

After a lawsuit is filed, the defendants have the chance to “answer” the complaint (“yes, we admit that happened” or “no, we deny the truth of that statement”). After these “pleadings” are filed, the parties engage in formal discovery. In civil litigation, discovery is the exchange of documents and information between the parties. It is required by the Rules of Civil Procedure. It goes like this: one side will write out questions (Interrogatories) or requests for documents (Requests for Production of Documents). Unless there is a compelling reason to withhold the information, the other side must then prepare written answers and make all requested documents available to the requesting party. From there, the parties can build their cases for trial.

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